The possessions of the Hapsburgs in 1303
In the Alsatian plains around Ensisheim, and in Val de Ville, Fricktal and Aargau are found the holdings of the Hapsburgs. In addition, there are possessions from different sources: donations of the churches as well as donations taken by force or received as indemnity. In 1303 the possessions of the Hapsburgs are the object of a general and precise description. The resulting document, written by Burckard of Frick, is known as the Urbar. The possessions of the Hapsburgs are now divided into bailiwicks (Ämter), administrative districts of varying size. Each of these districts is under the jurisdiction of a Vogt (bailiff) who represents the Duke of Austria. The Vogt oversees the revenues, administers over the law, and is responsible for conscription in time of war. He must account for all these matters to his lord.The Schultheisse, the mayors (Bürgermeister) and all other citizens of each village community are under the direction and control of the Vogts (bailiffs).