Auf den Spuren der Habsburger

THE MIDDLE AGES ON THE UPPER RHINE

Society and the economy on the Upper Rhine were influenced by Roman rule and the period of migrations. In the Middle Ages the rules of fealty determine increasingly the forms of communal life and the division of fertile lands which are still untilled in many areas. The nobles and the clergy become the greatest landowners as free peasantry disappears for the most part.  A three-class society comes into being. The Church operates as intercessor of  the Christian faith as a unifying power.Territorial extension through the integration of the forests soon leads to the founding of other cities. The cities become a new power which extends the three-class structure.  The cities create new rights and structures according to their needs, such as the guild system. They also possess great financial power and are to a large extent independent by the 14th century.

[Translate to english:] So sieht es aus

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Idealbildnis von Heinrich "Jasomirgott", dem seit 1156 ersten Herzog von sterreich. (Glasfenster, Zisterzienserabtei Stift Heiligenkreuz, A-Heiligenkreuz)

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